The 2015 TIP Report was released this week. It contains data gathered from April 1, 2014 through March 31, 2015.

The Trafficking in Persons Report is the U.S. Government’s principal diplomatic tool to engage foreign governments on human trafficking. It is also the world’s most comprehensive resource of governmental anti-human trafficking efforts and reflects the U.S. Government’s commitment to global leadership on this key human rights and law enforcement issue.

Here are 10 important highlights from the 384 page report. (You’re welcome 🙂 )
  • Forced labor in the private economy reaps some $150 billion in illicit profits each year. These billions flood the formal marketplace, corrupt the global economy, and taint purchases made by unwitting consumers.
  • Although human trafficking is found in many trades, the risk is more pronounced in industries that rely upon low-skilled or unskilled labor. This includes jobs that are dirty, dangerous, and difficult—those that are typically low-paying and undervalued by society and are often filled by socially marginalized groups including migrants, people with disabilities, or minorities.
  • ILO (International Labour Organization) estimates there are 232 million migrant workers globally, and that this number will continue to grow.
  • Eleven sectors were found to be the most likely to have a risk of human trafficking globally: Agriculture, Construction, Electronics, Fishing and Aquaculture, Forestry, Healthcare, Hospitality, Housekeeping/Facilities Operation, Mining and Basic Metal Production, Textile and Apparel Manufacturing, Transportation and Warehousing.
  • 40 of the world’s most important commodities reported cases of forced labor and/or child labor: bamboo, bananas, beans, brass, bricks, cattle, charcoal, citrus, coal, cocoa, coffee, coltan / tungsten / tin, copper, corn, cotton, diamonds, fish, flowers, gold, granite and other stone, gravel and crushed stone, jewels, leather, melons, nuts, palm oil, pineapple, rice, rubber, salt, shrimp, silk, silver, steel, strawberries, sugar, sunflowers, tea, tobacco, tomatoes, wheat, wool, and zinc.
  • The use of modern slavery as a tactic in the armed conflicts in Iraq and Syria is particularly alarming. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), as well as other armed groups and militias, continue to intimidate populations and devastate communities through unconscionable violence, fear, and oppression. ISIL has made the targeting of women and children, particularly from Yezidi and other minority groups, a hallmark of its campaign of atrocities. In the past year, ISIL has abducted, systematically raped, and abused thousands of women and children, some as young as 8 years of age. Many of the horrific human rights abuses that ISIL has engaged in also amount to human trafficking. Women and children are sold and enslaved, distributed to ISIL fighters as spoils of war, forced into marriage and domestic servitude, or subjected to horrific physical and sexual abuse. ISIL has established “markets” where women and children are sold with price tags attached and has published a list of rules on how to treat female slaves once captured. The UN estimates 2.8 million individuals in Iraq have been displaced and nearly four million Syrians have fled the country, mostly to Turkey, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq. This displacement is compounded by the use of human trafficking as a tactic by ISIL in the armed conflict.
  • Global Law Enforcement Data for 2014: 10,051* prosecutions, 4,443* convictions, 44,462* victims identified, 20 new or amended legislation. *estimates only
  • North & South America Data for 2014: 944*prosecutions, 470* convictions, 8,414* victims identified, 5 new or amended legislation. *estimates only
  • The United States is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, transgender individuals, and children—both U.S. citizens and foreign nationals—subjected to sex trafficking and forced labor. Trafficking can occur in both legal and illicit industries, including in commercial sex, hospitality, sales crews, agriculture, manufacturing, janitorial services, construction, shipyards, restaurants, health and elder care, salon services, fairs and carnivals, peddling and begging, and domestic service.
  • National Human Trafficking
    Resource Center and hotline that received more than 21,000 calls in 2014 from across the United States.

***If you’ve got nothing else to do today, you can read the full TIP Report here.***

“Do what you feel in your heart to be right- for you’ll be criticized anyway” — Eleanor Roosevelt

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